Truffles are sought after by chefs around the world,
especially those in Europe. This is because they can be added to a dish in a
manner which ranges from the most basic to the highly complex. Fresh truffles
are the most prized, and are usually reserved for specific occasions, such as a
date with Czech escorts. Below is a description of truffles and why they are so
coveted and costly.
Exactly Are Truffles?
Truffles are a type in fungi, part of the same family as mushrooms.
However, they have greater complexity. Truffles develop underground, and are
closely associated with tree roots, especially those of hazel, beech and oak
trees. Truffles are challenging to grow and tough to harvest. This is one of
the reasons why they are so expensive. Those who farm them will use specially
trained dogs to detect truffles that are buried near trees. Truffles are also
popular due to their flavor and aroma. The taste is distinct, with many
describing them as being earthy and akin to mushrooms, but stronger.
are Truffles Grown?
There are only a handful of places in the world with
climates and soils suitable to the harvesting of truffles. The three countries
which grow them the most are France, Italy and the United States. French
truffles are arguably the most famous, especially the Perigord black truffle.
It is harvested in France’s Dordogne region and has a season which lasts from
December until March.
In Italy truffles have been grown for centuries. In
particular, the northern area of Piedmont is famous for their white truffles,
which are referred to by the locals as tartufo bianco. These truffles are
considered the world’s rarest, and as such will sell for a few thousand euros a pound. Every year the town of Alba has the White Truffle Fair, which starts
Compared to Italy and France, the U.S. is a newcomer when
it comes to growing truffles. The best area for growing and harvesting them is
around Dixieland, a southern region which stretches from Tennessee to Virginia.
Farms have also been established in Oregon and California, with the goal being
to make truffles more accessible all throughout the year. The U.S., like Italy,
has festivals dedicated to the fungi, most notably the Napa Truffle Festival
and the Truffle Festival in Oregon.
to Acquire and Cook Truffles
Truffles are not the type of food that you’ll casually
come across in your local supermarket. As with all fresh produce, the moment
they are removed from the ground their freshness will subside, so when purchased
it is important to use them quickly. When it comes to cooking, they are often
added as a final touch once the main dish is completed. They work well with
oil, butter and cream but should never be combined with anything acidic such as
vinegar or citrus. The best approach when cooking with truffles it to keep
things simple. They are excellent when combined with potatoes, risotto, pizza